This is where one of the flagship marketing elements comes in for these “environmentally synthesized” stones. Mining operations have a significant impact on the environment and the health of people living near these sites.
In fact, mining activity can unbalance natural environments in several ways:
-by the transformation of landscapes
-Solid waste deposits the discharge of liquid and atmospheric effluents.
This inevitably weighs on the surrounding population, the fauna and the flora by damaging them. It should be known that the rehabilitation of landmine damage extends over several decades.
Despite the environmental impact studies requested by the competent authorities before starting any mining project, the risks of pollution remain very important during traditional or informal exploitation.
For example: The Bo Rai mine in northeastern Thailand, was the largest worldwide deposit of rubies until the end of the years 1990. Its exploitation has caused damage to the environment:
-Pollution of rivers by toxic products
-Destruction of forests
Some denounce the lure of gain, which leads to over-exploitation of natural resources without thinking about the consequences for the environment and the future of the sites. Today, Bo Rai’s Ruby mine is almost exhausted. Several species of fish have disappeared from the rivers and the forest covers less than 10% of the region, compared with about 50% 70 years ago.
Despite the efforts produced by some jewellers around the world to select ethical mining stones, nothing guarantees the provenance of your color stone unfortunately. Only diamonds have traceability through the Kimberley accords *.
So a when the “Kimberley” process for colored Stones???
* The Kimberley process is an international regime for the certification of rough diamonds, which brings together governments and diamond industry, with the aim of avoiding trading on the world market, the purchase of diamonds presented by movements Rebels in order to finance their military activities. This certificate attests that the sale of rough diamonds is not used to finance an armed conflict and prevents conflict diamonds from entering the legal market.
Certification requires that diamonds be accompanied by a certificate of origin, it also imposes trade controls, a ban on trade with non-signatory countries, and the publication of statistics on the Production and trade in diamonds.
The agreement was signed in January 2003 by Canada, the United States, and the countries of the European Union. Since 2007 the process has 54 members representing 81 countries.
(extract Dico from international trade.)